Men's Diseases and Conditions

Balanitis Information – Inflammation Affecting Head of the Penis and Foreskin

Balanitis is an inflammation that affects the head of the penis and/or the foreskin.

Most common in men over 40 years old, Balanitis is a condition affecting about 11% of adult men and 3% of children. Balanitis is characterized by shiny red to orange plaque (area). It can also present as a yellow hue with red pinpoint spotting.

Signs Symptoms of Balanitis

Occurring only in uncircumcised men, balanitis causes the following symptoms:

  • Tenderness
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Impotence
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty with passing urine
  • Inability to retract the foreskin

Causes of Balanitis

The causes of balanitis are not known for sure but include:

  • Friction
  • Poor hygiene
  • Response to infection. Various viruses and organisms can cause balanitis. These include HPV (human papilloma virus)
  • Chemical irritants (ie condoms) an allergic reaction
  • In overweight and obese men
  • Penis cancer
  • Diabetes

Complications of Balanitis

The most common serious complication of balanitis is phimosis, an inability to retract the foreskin from the glans penis.


Author: Peter

Peter is an experienced author specializing in men's health issues. He started in 2007 and is dedicated to continue to grow the website to become a recognized resource for men worldwide.